Romania is a Southeastern European country known for the forested region of Transylvania, ringed by the Carpathian Mountains. The name "Romania" comes from the Latin word "Romanus" which means "citizen of the Roman Empire."
Romania is the 12th largest country and the 7th most populated member state of the European Union, having almost 20 million inhabitants. Its capital and largest city is Bucharest, and other major urban areas include Cluj-Napoca, Timișoara, Iași, Constanța, Craiova, Brașov, and Galați.
Following rapid economic growth in the early 2000s, Romania has an economy predominantly based on services, and is a producer and net exporter of machines and electric energy, featuring companies like Automobile Dacia and OMV Petrom.